Using Native Plants for a Bird Friendly Habitat

Ruby-throated Hummingbird
Photo By Barbara Driscoll

Why natives? Our local vegetation evolved with insects, birds, and other animals to create complex food webs. Wildlife consumes fruits, nuts, and seeds for sustenance, while helping to propagate the regional vegetation. Native plants, especially some tree species like oaks, are also host to a large variety of insects, which in turn are eaten by birds and other animals. Young nestlings, in particular, must consume large numbers of insects in their first weeks of life.

Non-native vegetation can provide some fruits, nuts, and seeds, but it does not host the insects that are vital to birds and the web of life. As their seeds are spread by wildlife, many non-native plants become “invasive” by outcompeting local vegetation and disrupting the local ecology.

New Hope Audubon recommended native plants for the Piedmont:

Plants native to our area are adapted to the soil and climate conditions of the area. However it is important to pick the right native plants for the variety of microclimates on your property. Our recommended native plants list for the Piedmont tells you the sun, water and soil requirements of each plant. All the plants on our list are chosen to have benefit to wildlife, and specific information about that benefit is listed for each plant species. CLICK OR TAP HERE to go to the list (the format is compatible with smartphones and other mobile devices).

Other native plant lists:

New Hope Audubon recommended sources of native plants:

We recommend the following retailers and wholesalers as sources of native plants for the Piedmont of North Carolina. New Hope Audubon is still working with the garden centers so you may need to ask where to find native plants. You also should ask for plants that have not been treated with neonics since these pesticides have been shown to harm bees and other pollinators. If they can’t identify plants that have not been treated, then don’t buy them.

Name Type Location URL
Country Farm and Home retail Pittsboro chathamfarmsupply.com/
Cure Nursery wholesale & retail Pittsboro www.curenursery.com/
Durham Garden Center retail Durham www.durhamgardencenternc.com/
Fifth Season Gardening Company retail Carrboro fifthseasongardening.com/
Growing Wild Nursery mail order & local pickup Siler City www.growingwildnursery.com/
Living Landscapes retail Graham livinglandscapesnc.com/
Mellow Marsh Farms wholesale only Siler City mellowmarshfarm.com/
Niche Gardens retail & mail order Chapel Hill www.nichegardens.com/
North Carolina Botanical Garden retail Chapel Hill ncbg.unc.edu/
Piedmont Feed and Garden Center retail Chapel Hill www.piedmontfeed.com/
Southern States retail Carrboro www.southernstates.com/farm-store/store-locations/75647/
Stone Brother & Byrd retail Durham stonebrothers.com/

Other resources:

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