Native Plant Recommendations

The New Hope Audubon Society recommends these native plants for birds and pollinators in the piedmont area of North Carolina. The lists are ordered by scientific name to place related species next to each other.

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TreesShrubsPerennial FlowersGrasses and SedgesVines

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Trees

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 40-75′; Width at maturity: 20-50′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet,moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Jan-Mar; Apr-Jul
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 40-60′; Width at maturity: 40-60′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr-May; Jun-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2018
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 60-80; Width at maturity: 25-60′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr-Jun; Jun-Sep
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2018
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Drought sensitive

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 20-30′; Width at maturity: 15-25′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-Apr; Apr-Sep
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 8-35′; Width at maturity: 6-10′
Light requirement: part sun-shade; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-May; Aug-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host, berry/fruit producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Drought sensitive

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 3-12′; Width at maturity: 2-6′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate,dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr–May; Jul–Sep
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host, berry/fruit producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Drought sensitive

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 40-80′; Width at maturity: 15-25′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-Apr; May-Jun
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host, seed/nut producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 15-35′; Width at maturity: 12-18′
Light requirement: sun-shade; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-Apr; Sep-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host, seed/nut producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Drought sensitive

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 60-80’+; Width at maturity: 25-35′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate,dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr-May; Oct
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Good shade tree and handsome shape

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: to 100′; Width at maturity: to 70′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate,dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr-May; Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 70-100’+; Width at maturity: 20-35′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate,dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr-May; Oct
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 60-80’+; Width at maturity: 20-30′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate,dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr-May; Oct
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 60-80′; Width at maturity: 40-60′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate,dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr-May; Aug-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host, berry/fruit producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Best for natural areas, tolerates seasonal flooding

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 12-25′; Width at maturity: 8-15′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr–May; Aug–Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host, berry/fruit producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 10-25′; Width at maturity: 10-20′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-May; Jun-Nov
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 10-30′; Width at maturity: 10-20′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate,dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr–May; Jul–Sep
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2016
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Needs male pollinator

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 12-20′; Width at maturity: 8-15′
Light requirement: part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-May; Aug-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, larval host, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 3-10′; Width at maturity: 3-6′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: May–Jun; Aug–Sep
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, larval host, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 25-30′; Width at maturity: 20-35′
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-Apr; Sep-Nov
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host, berry/fruit producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 20-35′; Width at maturity: 20-35′
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-Apr; Sep-Nov
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host, berry/fruit producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 50-70′; Width at maturity: 25-50′
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: moderate,dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-May; Sep-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Drought sensitive

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: to 70′; Width at maturity: 8-15’+
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr–Jun; Sep–Feb
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Needs male pollinator

Evergreen: yes
Height at maturity: 15-35′; Width at maturity: 3-12′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Jan-Mar; Sep-Feb
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2015
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Needs male pollinator

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 60-100’+; Width at maturity: 30-70′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr–May; Aug–Sep
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Fruits messy

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 70-130′; Width at maturity: 30-60′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr–Jun; Sep–Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Drought sensitive

Evergreen: yes
Height at maturity: 25-50’+; Width at maturity: 30-60′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: May–Jun; Sep–Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 20-60′; Width at maturity: 8-20′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr-Jul; Jul-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2016
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Evergreen varieties

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 10-20′; Width at maturity: 8-15′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr-May; Aug-Sep
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 30-100′; Width at maturity: 20-35′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr-Jun; Aug-Oct
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2017
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 20-35’+; Width at maturity: 10-18′
Light requirement: sun-shade; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr–May; Aug–Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 15-60′; Width at maturity: 6-12′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Jun–Jul; Sep–Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Source of sourwood honey

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 70-100’+; Width at maturity: 40-60’+
Light requirement: part sun-sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr–May ; Sep–Nov
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Fast-growing

Evergreen: yes
Height at maturity: 50-100′; Width at maturity: 25-30′
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-Apr; Sep-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: yes
Height at maturity: 40-70′; Width at maturity: 20-35′
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-May; Sep-Nov
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: yes
Height at maturity: 40-70’+; Width at maturity: 25-40′
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar–Apr; Sep–Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 50-90′; Width at maturity: 20-30′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr-May; Jul-Sep
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 25-30′; Width at maturity: 25-30′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-Apr; Jun-Aug
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host, berry/fruit producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2016
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Fruit edible

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: to 16′; Width at maturity: to 10′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-Apr; Mar-July
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host, berry/fruit producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Fruit edible

Evergreen: yes
Height at maturity: 20-40’+; Width at maturity: 12-25′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar–Apr; Sep–Oct+
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, larval host, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Seeds freely

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 50-100′; Width at maturity: 30-40’+
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr; Sep-Nov
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host, seed/nut producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 60-100′; Width at maturity: 30-60′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr; Sep-Nov
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host, seed/nut producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2018
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 60-80’+; Width at maturity: 30-45’+
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr; Sep-Nov
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host, seed/nut producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2015
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 60-80’+; Width at maturity: 30-45’+
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr; Sep-Nov
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host, seed/nut producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2015
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 50-80′; Width at maturity: 50-80′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr; Sep-Nov
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host, seed/nut producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2016
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 80-90′; Width at maturity: 30-60′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr; Sep-Nov
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host, seed/nut producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2016
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 80-100′; Width at maturity: 25-40′
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: wet
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-Apr
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 30-60′; Width at maturity: 12-25′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate-dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar–Apr; Jun–Jul
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2017
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Needs male pollinator

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 60-100′; Width at maturity:30-50′

Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Feb-Mar; Mar-Apr
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: May be susceptible to Dutch Elm disease

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 30-50′; Width at maturity: 20-40′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Feb-Mar; Mar-Apr
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: May be susceptible to Dutch Elm disease

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Shrubs

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 12-15′; Width at maturity: 12-15′
Light requirement: sun-part shade; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr-May; Jul-Aug
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar, seed/nut producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 5-20′; Width at maturity: 4-10′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr–May; Jul–Aug
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar, seed/nut producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 8-15′; Width at maturity: 6-15′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Jan–Mar; Aug–Oct
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Colonial

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 10-20′; Width at maturity: 5-10′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-Apr; May-Jun
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Fruits can be damaged by rust fungus

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 20-40′; Width at maturity: 8-15′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-May; May-Aug
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2015
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Fruits can be damaged by rust fungus

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 5-10′; Width at maturity: 4-8′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar–May; Sep–Nov
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Colonial

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 3-8′; Width at maturity: 3-6′
Light requirement: part sun-shade; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Jun-Jul; Aug-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 4-10′; Width at maturity: 4-12′
Light requirement: sun-shade; Soil Moisture: moderate,dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr–May; Aug–Sep
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar, seed/nut producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 2-3′; Width at maturity: 2-3′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: May-Jun; Jun-Jul
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2017
NC Wildflower of the Year: 2013
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 5-8′; Width at maturity: 3-6′
Light requirement: sun-shade; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Jun-Jul; Aug-Sep
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 3-8′; Width at maturity: 4-6′
Light requirement: sun-part shade; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Jun-Aug; Sep-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar, seed/nut producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 3-8′; Width at maturity: 3-5′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: May–Jun; Sep–Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 6-15′; Width at maturity: 6-10′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet,moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr-Jun; Sep-Nov
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2015
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Needs male pollinator

Evergreen: yes
Height at maturity: 6-8′; Width at maturity: 3-6′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet,moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: May-Jun; Sep-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Needs male pollinator, drought sensitive

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 15-30′; Width at maturity: 8-15′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet,moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-May; Sep-Oct
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2018
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Needs male pollinator

Evergreen: yes
Height at maturity: 12-20′; Width at maturity: 6-12′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-May; Sep-Jan
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Needs male pollinator, dwarf forms available

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 3-6′ ; Width at maturity: 3-10′
Light requirement: sun – shade; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: May-Jun
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar, seed/nut producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2015
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Colonial

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 4-15′; Width at maturity: 4-8′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr–Jul; Sep–Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 8-15′; Width at maturity: 6-15′
Light requirement: part sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-Apr; Aug-Sep
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host, berry/fruit producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2015
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Needs male pollinator

Evergreen: yes
Height at maturity: 8-30′; Width at maturity: 10-25′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr; Aug-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Needs male pollinator

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 5-10′; Width at maturity: 4-8′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-May; Sep-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 6-12′; Width at maturity: 6-10′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: May–Jul; Sep–Oct
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2016
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 5-10′; Width at maturity: 4-8′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-Jun; Sep-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2017
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Drought sensitive

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 3-8′; Width at maturity: 5-8′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: May-Jun; Jun-Sep
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Drought sensitive

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 8-15′; Width at maturity: 3-5′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet
Flowering / fruit dates: Jun-Jul; Jul-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 4- 5′; Width at maturity: 3-4′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-May; Sep-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2017
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: to 20′ ; Width at maturity: 12-20′
Light requirement: sun-part shade; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: May-Jul; Jun-Oct
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Colonial, best for natural areas, needs male pollinator

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 5-15′; Width at maturity: 6-12′
Light requirement: sun-part shade; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: May-Jul; Jun-Oct
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Colonial, best for natural areas, needs male pollinator

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 2-3′; Width at maturity: 3-4′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: May–Jun; Aug–Oct
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Has sharp thorns, makes good wildlife thicket

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 3-5′; Width at maturity: 3-6′
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: May–Jul; Sep–Oct+
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Has sharp thorns, makes good wildlife thicket

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 6-12′; Width at maturity: 6-12′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr-Jul; Jul-Aug
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Needs more than one genetic strain for fruit set

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 8-15′; Width at maturity: 4-10′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr-Jun; Sep-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2018
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 3-12′; Width at maturity: 3-10′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr–May; Jul–Aug
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2018
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Edible fruit

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 3-4′; Width at maturity: 2-3′
Light requirement: part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr-Jun; Aug-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2018
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: to 8′; Width at maturity: 6-8′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-Apr; May-Jun
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2018
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Edible fruit

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 8-18′; Width at maturity: 6 -15′
Light requirement: sun-shade; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-Apr; Sep-Oct
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2018
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Needs more than one genetic strain for fruit set

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 6-12′; Width at maturity: 4-10′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-Apr; Jul-Sep
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2017
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Needs more than one genetic strain for fruit set

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 3-6′; Width at maturity: 3-6′
Light requirement: part sun-shade; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: May; Aug-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Needs more than one genetic strain for fruit set

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 6-12′; Width at maturity: 4-15′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr-May; Aug-Oct
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2018
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Needs more than one genetic strain for fruit set

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 3-5′; Width at maturity: 3′
Light requirement: part sun-shade; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr–May; Jun–Jul
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Needs more than one genetic strain for fruit set

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Perennial Flowers

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 3′; Width at maturity: to 3′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr; Aug–Sep
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: 2006
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1-3′; Width at maturity: 8-12″
Light requirement: part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-May; Apr-Aug
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar, seed/nut producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2018
NC Wildflower of the Year: 1987
Special notes: Self-sows readily

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 2-4′; Width at maturity: to 2′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Jul–Sep; Aug–Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: 2005
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1-3′; Width at maturity: to 2′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: May–Aug; Aug–Sep
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: 1985
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 3-4′; Width at maturity: 3′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: May-Jul; Jun-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1-3′; Width at maturity: 2′
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr-May; Jun-Aug
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: 1992
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 2-3′; Width at maturity: 2-3′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr-Jun; Jul-Nov
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 6-12″; Width at maturity: 12-18″
Light requirement: part sun-shade; Soil Moisture: moderate-dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-Jun;Apr-Jul
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2018
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1-3′; Width at maturity: 3′
Light requirement: sun-part shade; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Jul-Oct; Aug-Nov
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Colonial, spreads rapidly

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1-2′; Width at maturity: to 12″
Light requirement: sun -part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: May–Jul; Jul-Oct
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2015
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 3-18″; Width at maturity: 12-16″
Light requirement: sun -part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr-Jul
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2016
NC Wildflower of the Year: 1991
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 2-4′; Width at maturity: 1-2′
Light requirement: sun -part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Jun-Sep
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2017
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 2-3′; Width at maturity: 1-2′
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: May-Aug
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Will naturalize

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1-2′; Width at maturity: 1-2′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Aug-Oct
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Self-seeds, short-lived

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 2-4′; Width at maturity: 18-24″
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Jun-Aug
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2015
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 3-6′; Width at maturity: 3-4′
Light requirement: sun-part shade; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Jul-Sep
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: 2003
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 5-10′; Width at maturity: 3-4′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Jul-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, larval host,nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: 2017
Special notes: Dwarf form available

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1-2′; Width at maturity: 12-18″
Light requirement: part sun-shade; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Aug-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2017
NC Wildflower of the Year: 2008
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1.5-6′; Width at maturity: 1-3′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Jul–Oct; Sep–Nov
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, larval host, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 3-6′; Width at maturity: 1-3′
Light requirement: part sun-part shade; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Jun-Sep
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, larval host, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 5-9′; Width at maturity: 3-4′
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: wet,moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Sep-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2018
NC Wildflower of the Year: 2007
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1-2′; Width at maturity: 12-16″
Light requirement: part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr–Aug
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: 1999
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 4-7′; Width at maturity: 3-4′
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Jun–Sep; Jul–Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: 1997
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1-2′; Width at maturity: 6-12″
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Aug-Oct
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1.5-4′; Width at maturity: to 1′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Aug-Oct; Sept-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar, seed/nut producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: 1998
Special notes: Alkaline soil

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 2-3′; Width at maturity: 1′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Jul-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar, seed/nut producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: 2001
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1-2′; Width at maturity: 3-4′
Light requirement: part sun-shade; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr–Jun; Aug–Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1-2′; Width at maturity: 12-16″
Light requirement: part sun-shade; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar–May; Apr–Jun
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Seeds readily, goes dormant in the summer

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 2-3′; Width at maturity: 2′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate,dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Jun-Jul
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2018
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 2-5′; Width at maturity: 2-3′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate,dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Jul-Sep
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2016
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 2-4′; Width at maturity: 2-3′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, wet
Flowering / fruit dates: Jul-Aug
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 16-30″; Width at maturity: to 3′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr–Oct; May–Nov
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: 1989
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 2-4′; Width at maturity: 1-2′
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: moderate,dry
Flowering / fruit dates: May-Aug
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2017
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1-3′; Width at maturity: 1′
Light requirement: part shade; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: May-Jul; Jul-Aug
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 2-3′; Width at maturity: 2′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: May-Jul; Jul-Aug
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 9-12″; Width at maturity: to 1′
Light requirement: part shade-shade; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr-May
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2015
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 6″; Width at maturity: to 1′
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-May
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2016
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 6-10″; Width at maturity: 1-2′
Light requirement: part sun-shade; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: May-Jun
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2017
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 3-4′; Width at maturity: 2-3′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Jun–Aug; Sep–Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 2-3′; Width at maturity: 2-3′
Light requirement: sun-part shade; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Jul-Aug; Sep-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1-1.5′; Width at maturity: 2-3′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Jun–Aug; Sep–Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 2-3′; Width at maturity: 12-16″
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Jun-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2016
NC Wildflower of the Year: 1988
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 4-8′; Width at maturity: 3-6′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Jul–Oct; Aug-Nov
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: 1995
Special notes: Spreads rampantly by underground stems

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1-2′; Width at maturity: 1′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr–May; May–Jul
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 5-12″; Width at maturity: to 16″
Light requirement: part sun-shade; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar–Apr; Apr–May
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar, berry/fruit producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 12-18″; Width at maturity: to 12″
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate,dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr–Jul
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2016
NC Wildflower of the Year: 2015
Special notes: Short-lived

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 6-20″; Width at maturity: 6-8″
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate,dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar–Jun, May-Jul
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 2-6′; Width at maturity: 1-3′
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate,wet
Flowering / fruit dates: Aug-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: “Fireworks” is good cultivar

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1-4′; Width at maturity: 16-20″
Light requirement: part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Aug-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2017
NC Wildflower of the Year: 2017
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1-2′; Width at maturity: 1-1.5′
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: May-Aug
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1-3′; Width at maturity: to 3′
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Aug-Oct
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2015
NC Wildflower of the Year: 2000
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1-3′; Width at maturity: 12-16″
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Aug-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2016
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 12-18″; Width at maturity: 9-12″
Light requirement: sun-part shade; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Aug-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, nectar, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2017
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 3-6′; Width at maturity: 2-3′
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: May–Jun; Jul–Sep
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 5-12″; Width at maturity: 12-18″
Light requirement: part sun-shade; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr–Jun; May–Jun
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: 1986
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 4-8′; Width at maturity: 3-4′
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Jul-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2018
NC Wildflower of the Year: 2004
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1-3′; Width at maturity: 12-16″
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet,moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr-May; Jun-Jul
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: 2012
Special notes:

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Grasses and Sedges

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 3-9′; Width at maturity: 3-5′
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Jul–Oct; Aug–Nov
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 2-6′; Width at maturity: 1-2′
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Sep–Oct;Oct–Nov
Drought tolerant: ; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 2-3′; Width at maturity: 2′
Light requirement: sun-part shade; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Sep–Oct; Oct–Nov
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 2-4′; Width at maturity: 20-30″
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Jun-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: 1994
Special notes: Readily self sows

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1-3′; Width at maturity: 16-32″
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: moderate,dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Aug–Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 4-8 ‘; Width at maturity: 2-5’
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Sep-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2015
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 2-4′; Width at maturity: 6-24″
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: moderate,dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Jun-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2016
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 3-7′; Width at maturity: 2-3′
Light requirement: sun; Soil Moisture: moderate,dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Aug-Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing, larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2017
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: yes
Height at maturity: 1′; Width at maturity: 1′
Light requirement: part sun-shade; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: May
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing. larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 2′; Width at maturity: 1′-2′
Light requirement: sun-part shade; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: May
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing. larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 3′; Width at maturity: 1-2′
Light requirement: sun-part shade; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: May
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing. larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Forms colonies

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 6-12″; Width at maturity: 6-12″
Light requirement: part sun-shade; Soil Moisture: moderate, wet
Flowering / fruit dates: May
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing. larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Tolerates dry or wet shade

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1-2′; Width at maturity: 1-2′
Light requirement: sun-part shade; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: May
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing. larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Tolerates temporary flooding

Evergreen: yes
Height at maturity: 2′; Width at maturity: 1.5-2′
Light requirement: sun-part shade; Soil Moisture: moderate, wet
Flowering / fruit dates: May
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing. larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Can tolerate drier conditions

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 6-12″; Width at maturity: 6-12″
Light requirement: part sun-shade; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: April
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing. larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 2-3′; Width at maturity: 1-2′
Light requirement: sun-part shade; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: May
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing. larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1-3′; Width at maturity: 1-2′
Light requirement: sun-part shade; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: May
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing. larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: yes
Height at maturity: 6-12″; Width at maturity: 6-12″
Light requirement: part sun-shade; Soil Moisture: dry, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: May
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing. larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Lawn alternative

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1′; Width at maturity: 1′
Light requirement: part sun-shade; Soil Moisture: dry, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: May
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing. larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 2-3′; Width at maturity: 1-2′
Light requirement: sun-shade; Soil Moisture: moderate, wet
Flowering / fruit dates: May
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing. larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: yes
Height at maturity: 3′; Width at maturity: 2′
Light requirement: sun-part shade; Soil Moisture: moderate, wet
Flowering / fruit dates: May
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing. larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Tolerates flooding

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 1-3′; Width at maturity: 1-2′
Light requirement: sun-part shade; Soil Moisture: moderate, wet
Flowering / fruit dates: May
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: seed/nut producing. larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Can spread rapidly

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Vines

Evergreen: yes
Height at maturity: 36-50′; Width at maturity: n/a
Light requirement: sun-part shade; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Apr-May; Jul-Aug
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2015
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 6-80′; Width at maturity: n/a
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate,dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Jun–Oct; Sep–Oct
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2015
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 6-12′; Width at maturity: n/a
Light requirement: part shade-shade; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Jul-Aug
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: yes
Height at maturity: 5-20′; Width at maturity: n/a
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-May; Sep-Nov
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 15-30′; Width at maturity: n/a
Light requirement: sun-part shade; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: May-Jun; Aug-Sep
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: larval host
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 4-15′; Width at maturity: n/a
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Mar-Jul; Jul-Sep
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar, berry/fruit producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: 2018
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 4-70′; Width at maturity: n/a
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: May-Jul; Jul-Aug
Drought tolerant: yes; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: no
Height at maturity: 15′; Width at maturity: n/a
Light requirement: sun-part sun; Soil Moisture: moderate, dry
Flowering / fruit dates: Jun–Sep ; Aug–Oct
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: yes
Benefit to Wildlife: nectar, larval host, berry/fruit producing
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes:

Evergreen: yes
Height at maturity: 6-12′; Width at maturity: n/a
Light requirement: sun-part shade; Soil Moisture: wet, moderate
Flowering / fruit dates: Jun–Jul ; Apr–Jun (following year)
Drought tolerant: no; Deer resistant: no
Benefit to Wildlife: berry/fruit producing, nectar
NC Audubon Plant of the Year: no
NC Wildflower of the Year: no
Special notes: Needs male pollinator

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